Saturday, 09 July 2022 00:12

Talkin' Pets News Featured

Written by
Rate this item
(1 Vote)

Talkin Pets News

July 9, 2022

Host - Jon Patch

Co-Host - Marcus Porter - Veterinary Technician

Producer - Matt Matera

Network Producer - Kevin Lane

Social Media - Bob Page

Special Guest - Dr. Amy Attas - Owner of City Pets - a Veterinarian that makes house calls in Manhattan for all pets and people

Last week, a 23-year-old man died after being mauled by a tiger who was kept at a roadside zoo in Periban, Mexico. Shocking video footage shows the moment the tiger grabbed hold of Jose de Jesus’ hand.

The zookeeper can be heard screaming as the tiger pulls him towards the fencing. The man was finally freed from the tiger’s grip, but he died of a massive heart attack after being taken to a hospital, where he had refused to let medical professionals amputate his mangled hand.

In a press release, PETA explains why people should avoid visiting these types of tourist traps:

Confined to small, filthy enclosures and denied the space, diverse environment, and freedom they need to thrive, animals imprisoned at roadside zoos are often deprived of adequate food, water, shelter, and veterinary care. Relentless frustration, loneliness, and abuse from the people who are supposed to care for them drive many of the animals insane.

Using big cats and their cubs, primates, and other animals as photo props, the operators of these cruel attractions lure in visitors who may not be aware of how the animals suffer. Many volunteers and workers at such facilities have been mauled.

As reported by the Mirror, the owner of the roadside attraction released the video in order to show that Jose de Jesus was at fault; the tiger’s owner has stated that he has the necessary permits to operate his facility.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

On June 11, a young border collie named Winter died unexpectedly after playing in a water-filled kiddie pool. Winter’s demise prompted his heartbroken owner, Jessie, to utilize social media platforms to warn other dog owners about the danger of water intoxication.

Jessie writes:

I wanted to write this to advocate on his behalf, and to share the details surrounding his death to help spread awareness about the dangers of water intoxication for dogs. Winter spent about an hour playing in a baby pool with no more than 4 inches of water), which he had done many times in the past.
The events can only be explained as a “freak accident”. None of it truly makes sense but somehow this time spent splashing around in the pool, became fatal.

With that being said, please be careful with your dogs this summer – especially on hot days or during potential heat waves. We do not need another innocent pup passing away tragically from this.
I cannot even comprehend the fact that he is never coming back. I am so grateful for the time I had with Winter, and I truly hope he brought as much joy to everyone else as he did to me. I will miss him dearly ??

What exactly is water intoxication in dogs? It is a rare condition that develops if a dog ingests a large amount of water in a short period of time. The large amount of water depletes the sodium in the dog’s body, causing the cells to swell.

Symptoms to watch for:

  • loss of coordination
  • drooling
  • pale gums
  • restlessness
  • lethargy
  • bloating
  • vomiting
  • glazed eyes
  • excessive salivation
  • difficulty breathing
  • seizures
  • coma

Dogs who develop one or more of these symptoms after playing in water should immediately receive veterinary care. With prompt, supportive care (diuretics and electrolytes) dogs may recover, but survival is not guaranteed. Visit animalvictory.org for more information.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Thousands of cattle died in Kansas in recent days due to sweltering heat and humidity, officials say. Estimates vary on the total number dead, as ranchers aren’t required to report deaths, the state Department of Agriculture told McClatchy News. The deaths are centered in southwest Kansas where “several weather factors...led to heat stress for cattle,” a department spokesperson said.

Temperatures were in the 80s and low 90s until a sudden spike to 100 degrees on June 11, followed by two more days of triple-digit heat, according to the Weather Channel. At least 2,000 animals were lost, Reuters reported. That figure is based on the number of carcasses state officials were asked to help dispose of. However, the number could be much higher — up to 10,000 or more, according to DTN, an outlet that specializes in agriculture industry analysis.

“We do know from reports from our members that there has been a significant number (of deaths) in that area of the state,” Scarlett Hagins, Vice President of Communications for the Kansas Livestock Association, told McClatchy News. While heat stress deaths are known to happen, they don’t to this scale. “This is a very unique and unfortunate event,” Hagins said.

Cattle are generally hardy animals and able to handle heat, but there’s a limit. The problem in this case is that temperatures were high during the day but didn’t drop at night, or at least didn’t drop far enough — largely due to uncharacteristically high humidity, Hagins said. This worsens with consecutive days of high heat, and as such, the cattle couldn’t get any relief.

“Normally western and southwestern Kansas is an arid part of the state. Although it gets hot, it’s not humid,” Hagins said. “The sudden change … is what really caused the losses. It didn’t give the cattle time to acclimate.”

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

This week, in a win for wildlife protection and conservation, a federal district court restored comprehensive Endangered Species Act regulatory protections to hundreds of species and the places they call home.  The Services filed a voluntary remand motion in December 2021 in response to a lawsuit filed by Earthjustice on behalf of the Center for Biological Diversity, Defenders of Wildlife, Sierra Club, Natural Resources Defense Council, National Parks Conservation Association, Wild Earth Guardians and the Humane Society of the United States challenging harmful rules put in place by the Trump administration in 2019. The Services asked to partially rewrite flawed Endangered Species Act regulations while keeping them in place during a rulemaking process that could take years to complete. The Court disagreed and vacated the 2019 ESA regulations instead.

 Conservation groups challenged the Trump administration rules for undermining protections for imperiled species and habitat necessary for their survival, and their lawsuit was joined by a group of states, led by California, and an animal welfare group. The Trump rules threatened to upend decades of clarity and protections for hundreds of species that have benefited from the established policy.

“The Court spoke for species desperately in need of comprehensive federal protections without compromise,” said Kristen Boyles, attorney at Earthjustice. “Threatened and endangered species do not have the luxury of waiting under rules that do not protect them.”

Nicholas Arrivo, managing attorney for animal protection at the Humane Society of the United States.said “Americans overwhelmingly support the ESA because it’s effectively prevented the extinction of our most vulnerable species like the bald eagle, humpback whale and grizzly bear. Now the Administration can ensure that the law continues to do so.”

Noah Greenwald, endangered species director at the Center for Biological Diversity said, “With today’s court ruling, the Services can finally get on with the business of protecting and recovering imperiled species.”

"The 2019 rollbacks to the ESA regulations were an unlawful and irrational mess that undermined critical protections for wildlife," said Karimah Schoenhut, attorney for the Sierra Club.

“The Trump Administration’s assault on the nation’s most important wildlife protection law made no sense at the time—and even less now as we see a biodiversity crisis unfolding globally each day,” said Rebecca Riley, managing director of the nature program at NRDC.

Mike Senatore, vice president of conservation law for Defenders of Wildlife said, “Instead of being bound by unscientific and illegal Trump rules, we are thrilled that the Biden Administration will have a clean slate to safeguard hundreds of species amidst the ongoing extinction crisis. We are all impacted by biodiversity loss and combating it must be a priority.”

“This decision is a win for America’s most at-risk wildlife, including species in national park ecosystems,” said Bart Melton, wildlife program director for the National Parks Conservation Association.

“The Trump Administration’s weakened rules were misguided and dangerous for wildlife,” said Joe Bushyhead, endangered species attorney with WildEarth Guardians. “We’re relieved that threatened and endangered species and their habitat once again have full protection under the Endangered Species Act.”  

++++++++++++++++++

The American Kennel Club (AKC®), the world’s largest purebred dog registry and leading advocate for dogs, is excited to announce that the Bracco Italiano has received full recognition and is the AKC’s 200th breed. The Bracco Italiano is eligible to compete in the Sporting Group.

“We at the AKC are thrilled to welcome our 200th breed to the registry,” said Gina DiNardo, AKC Executive Secretary. “The Bracco Italiano is a strong, active, and sturdy breed of dog that would make a great companion for active families. The breed loves people and would be best suited for a family that can give it the love and attention it needs. We always encourage people to do their research to find the right breed for their lifestyle.”

Joining the Sporting Group, the Bracco Italiano is an ancient breed. It is one of two native gundogs from Italy, and its history reaches back to the fourth or fifth century. The Bracco Italiano is a hunter, pointer, and retriever developed to accommodate the hunters’ needs. Bracchi are tireless in the field. They are powerful and need daily exercise. They also thrive on human companionship and are loyal, affectionate, and playful. These dogs are known to be sensitive and gentle-natured and become close friends with children. Their short coats are easily maintained, requiring only a few minutes of brushing each week to keep the coat in good condition.

AKC Recognition offers the breed the opportunity to compete at all levels of AKC sports and events, as there are over 22,000 held each year. A breed that is newly recognized does not mean that the breed is newly created. Many breeds that gain full AKC recognition have existed for decades, and some are ancient. To become an AKC-recognized breed, there must be an active following and interest in the breed by owners in the U.S. and an established breed club of responsible owners and breeders. There also must be a sufficient population of dogs in the United States geographically distributed throughout the country. Breeds working towards full recognition are recorded in AKC’s Foundation Stock Service® (FSS®). Additional information on the process can be found at www.akc.org.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Inflation across the U.S. is forcing many tough choices, and in some cases it has led to owners giving up their pets.

Shelters are increasingly receiving animals from people facing financial troubles, News 12 Hudson Valley in New Jersey reported.

The news outlet quoted Julie Skellenger of Kiya Koda Humane Society saying that “people call us every day wanting to surrender their animal.”

And Bailey Deacon of the Baltimore Animal Rescue and Care Shelter noted that “we’re seeing more people that need help,” according to CBS Baltimore. The shelter has introduced programs to try to prevent pets from being handed over. For example, it has held free pet health clinics held throughout the city and boarded pets for owners facing eviction or other problems.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

With the rise of pet ownership in the United States, community pharmacies are seeing a rise in animal related prescriptions come through their doors. Pharmacists are receiving prescriptions for new patients across a variety of species like dogs, cats, birds, horses, rabbits, that they might not have seen before. You may be thinking: Are community pharmacies trained to handle prescriptions for different species?

The Journal of the American Pharmacists Association has published a study that sought to identify, understand, and solve potential medication errors related to veterinary prescriptions. Researchers looked at a hard copy of the prescription compared to an image of the ultimate label.

On the prescribing end, veterinarians often omitted key information that is needed for a pharmacist to fill a veterinary medication. To fill animal prescriptions, weight and species is vital information to fill a medication safely, but veterinarians failed to provide weight on almost every prescription. Without the animal’s weight, pharmacists cannot check if the medication dosage is correct. Although not legally required, weight is clinically required for the pharmacist.

With the variability in weight and species, pharmacists often compound prescriptions to fit their patient. Of the prescriptions included in the study, 16.7% were medications that needed to be compounded for the patient. Compounding a medication includes any combination, mixing, or alteration in ingredients that changes the original medication. Although most pharmacists are properly trained, the FDA prohibits compounding of medications unless done by a 503b outsourcing facility that has been approved by the agency. None of the pharmacies in the studies were outsourcing facilities, but they still compounded the prescriptions and gave them to the patient.

On the filling end, the study found that pharmacists often did not catch the omission of the key information. With the weight being excluded from most of the prescriptions, it is unknown how pharmacists are filling these medications safely.

Another issue involved prescriptions for controlled substances. On many of these studied prescriptions, the veterinarian did not include the DEA number. It is important to note that DEA requirements for controlled substances are about the use of the controlled substance, not the species of the patient. Veterinarians and their patients are not exempt from DEA regulations and are required to include the DEA number on each prescription.

Investigators concluded that training needs to be improved for both the pharmacists filling the prescription and the veterinarians prescribing the medication. Researchers found that handwritten prescriptions had more errors than verbal prescriptions, which could be attributed to how veterinarians were taught in school. Only 22.2% of veterinarian students know how to physically write a prescription, indicating that they are being taught mostly electronic prescribing mechanisms. With 83.9% of veterinarians employed in small private practices, they often do not have the luxury of an e-prescribing system. According to the authors, students should be taught how to write prescriptions and include necessary information for pharmacists to fill medication safely. This same idea applies for pharmacists and pharmacy school. Schools need to teach pharmacy students about the requirements of veterinary prescriptions, so they can be prepared in practice.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

National Veterinary Associates has been ordered to sell more hospitals in the United States, in a further sign that regulators are increasingly uncomfortable about the concentration of ownership in the profession, particularly in emergency and specialty practice. The Federal Trade Commission said today it told the corporate consolidator, owned by German private-equity investor JAB, to sell five clinics — two near Washington, D.C.; one in Richmond, Virginia; one near Denver; and one near San Francisco.

NVA has agreed to the sales as a condition of the FTC's approval of its $1.65 billion acquisition of Ethos Veterinary Health, which owned 23 specialty and emergency hospitals when the deal was announced last year. The latest intervention comes 16 days after the FTC said it told NVA to sell six specialty and emergency clinics in California and Texas to get approval for its $1.1 billion acquisition of Sage Veterinary Centers, also announced last year. "For the second time in a month, the FTC is taking action to prevent private equity firm JAB from gobbling up competitors in regional markets that are already concentrated," Holly Vedova, director of the Bureau of Competition, said in a statement.

Once again, Florida-based United Veterinary Care appears to have benefited from the regulator's involvement, at least in terms of its growth aspirations. It will acquire three Oncology Service-branded hospitals from NVA — in Richmond, Springfield and Leesburg, Virginia (the latter two in the D.C. metropolitan area). Those three assets will add to the six it acquired as part of the Sage intervention. United has practices at 109 locations, according to its website. The other two practices NVA must divest are going to New Jersey-based Veritas Veterinary Partners. They are Wheat Ridge Animal Hospital near Denver; and Pet Emergency + Specialty Center of Marin, near San Francisco. Veritas owns five practices and has another two "coming soon" in New Jersey, according to its website.

As it did with the Sage intervention, the FTC also has imposed a prior-approval condition on NVA, compelling it to receive regulatory approval before it acquires any specialty or emergency veterinary clinic within 25 miles of an existing or future JAB-owned clinic in California, Colorado, D.C., Maryland and Virginia for 10 years. Another condition imposed by the FTC in the Sage approval is that NVA must notify the agency in writing 30 days prior to acquiring any specialty or emergency veterinary clinic within 25 miles of a JAB-owned clinic anywhere in the U.S. Spokespeople for NVA and JAB didn't immediately reply to a request for comment.

The FTC has now intervened three times in deals involving JAB, which agreed in 2020 to divest three specialty and emergency centers to win approval for its merger of NVA with Compassion First. NVA owns more than 100 specialty and referral centers in the U.S. and more than 1,400 veterinary clinics globally, according to its press releases.

Mars Inc., America's biggest corporate consolidator ahead of NVA, was targeted by the regulator in the past. In 2017, it agreed to divest 12 specialty and emergency centers to gain approval of its $9.1 billion acquisition of VCA. The FTC's latest intervention, combined with United Kingdom regulators' recent blocking of two mergers involving general practices across the Atlantic, demonstrates that antitrust regulators are more closely scrutinizing deals across a veterinary sector that, over the years, has been become more concentrated, a trend that's accelerated during the Covid-19 pandemic. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

The improved health and welfare of English bulldogs is dependent on these animals being bred to have more moderate physical features.

A newly published study by the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has confirmed the extreme physical features of English bulldogs (i.e. shortened muzzles, folded skin, squat body) put the breed at increased risk of developing breathing, eye, and skin conditions.

Using information collected from veterinary practices across the U.K., researchers examined the records of 2,662 English bulldogs and 22,039 dogs of other breeds. The data revealed English bulldogs were twice as likely to be diagnosed with at least one disorder as compared to other dogs, showing predispositions for 24 out of 43 (55.8 percent) specific disorders.

Originally developed as a muscular and athletic dog, the English bulldog has since been bred to have a short (brachycephalic) skull, protruding jaw, skin folds, and squat, heavy build.

Specifically, the dogs are more prone to:

  • Skin fold dermatitis (38.12 times greater risk as compared to other breeds)
  • “Cherry eye” (i.e. prolapsed nictitating membrane gland) (26.79 times greater risk)
  • Mandibular prognathism (24.32 times greater risk)
  • Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (19.20 times greater risk)

In contrast, the breed was found to be at reduced risk as compared to other dogs for some other conditions, including dental disease, heart murmur, and flea infestation.

“These findings suggest the overall health of the English bulldog is much lower than that of other dogs,” says the study’s author, Dan O’Neill, MVB, GPCert, PGCertVetEd, FHEA, PhD, FRCVS. “However, what is most concerning is so many of the health conditions English bulldogs suffer from, such as skin fold dermatitis and breathing problems, are directly linked to the extreme structure of their bodies that has been selectively bred for.”

Researchers say redefining the breed standards of English bulldogs will help improve the welfare of these animals. Additionally, it may reduce the risk of the breed being banned on welfare grounds, as has happened in Norway and the Netherlands .

“Given the continued popularity of the breed, the body-shape of typical English bulldogs should be redefined toward more moderate physical characteristics,” Dr. O’Neill says.

Future research could compare the predisposition of disorders between English bulldogs with more moderate physical features compared to those with extreme physiques, RVC says. This will help assess potential welfare gains from breeding for less drastic characteristics.

The findings have been published in Canine Medicine and Genetics.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

What does it mean for a horse’s hocks to “fuse”?

To understand lameness problems in the hock, we first need to understand the joint’s—or more accurately joints’—basic anatomy.

The horse’s hock is like a human’s ankle (notice the direction it flexes) and is made up of four distinct joints: the tarsocrural joint (TSC), the proximal intertarsal joint (PIT), the distal intertarsal joint (DIT), and the tarsometatarsal joint (TMT).

In the horse, we classify joints as being high-motion or low-motion. High-motion joints have a great range of motion and act to flex and extend. These include the carpus (knee), stifle, fetlock, and TSC joint of the hock. Low-motion joints, on the other hand, do not have a great range of motion and work mostly as shock absorption. These include the pastern and the lower two hock joints, the DIT and TMT.

The DIT and the TMT joints are the most common for arthritic change in the horse. Osteoarthritis (OA) can either be a consequence of performance or an age-related process but is always a progressive condition. OA can result in cartilage damage, bony proliferation, and narrowing of the joint space. All these conditions can result in lameness.

Fusion occurs when severe OA results in such bony proliferation that the joint surfaces, thus becoming immobile. Because the DIT and TMT are low-motion joints, they aren’t inhibited by the decreased range of motion that results in fusion. However, to effectively relieve the pain associated with OA, the joint must be completely fused.

Luckily, several methods can speed up the process of hock fusion. After diagnosing your horse with lower hock OA, your veterinarian might recommend a steroid injection to expedite the fusion process. Or, your veterinarian might recommend ethyl alcohol injections, which help deteriorate the joint cartilage completely to promote fusion. Finally, surgical fusion is reserved for severely affected joints. In these cases the horse is put under anesthesia, and the surgeon drills away the cartilage, allowing complete fusion.

For horses with OA, hock fusion is a good thing. It relieves pain and betters the horse’s quality of life. However, it is a long, painful road to fusion, often taking years to completely resolve naturally. If you are concerned about your horse’s hocks, consult your veterinarian to discuss what solutions are right for your horse.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

A big-game trophy hunter was found shot dead at the side of a road in South Africa, local authorities said. Riaan Naude, 55, was known for killing big animals and ran a company, Pro Hunt Africa, that organized hunting trips for paying tourists in the country’s Limpopo province. Naude was found dead next to his truck near the Kruger National Park, according to reports.

Police described a grisly crime scene in which Naude was discovered lying on his back with blood on his head and hands. It’s believed he was killed after pulling over to the roadside after his truck developed a mechanical problem. “The motive for the attack and the subsequent murder is unknown at this stage,” Lt. Col. Mamphaswa Seabi said, adding that cops did not believe the killing was linked to Naude’s hunting.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

On June 29, a 71-year-old Pennsylvania woman was gored by a bison after she and her daughter inadvertently got too close to the animal near Storm Point at Yellowstone Lake.

The incident, which left the woman with non-life-threatening injuries, comes just two days after a Colorado man was gored by a bison on a boardwalk near Giant Geyser at Old Faithful, and it is the third bison attack in 2022.

The National Park Service reminds the public that bison are unpredictable and they can run three times faster than humans. The agency advises the public to:

  • Give bison space when they are near a campsite, trail, boardwalk, parking lot, or in a developed area. If need be, turn around and go the other way to avoid interacting with a wild animal in close proximity.
  • Stay more than 25 yards (23 m) away from all large animals – bison, elk, bighorn sheep, deer, moose, and coyotes – and at least 100 yards (91 m) away from bears and wolves.
  • Approaching bison threatens them and they may respond by bluff charging, head bobbing, pawing, bellowing, or snorting. These are warning signs that you are too close and that a charge is imminent.
  • Do not stand your ground. Immediately walk or run away from the animal. Spray bear spray as you are moving away if the animal follows you.

The last two bison attacks remain under investigation and the park service has no further information.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Read 36 times
Super User

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.