Friday, 27 May 2022 01:31

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Talkin' Pets News

May 28, 2022

Host - Jon Patch

Co-Host - Dr. Katy Meyer

Producer - Lexi Lapp Adams

Network Producer - Kevin Lane

Social Media - Bob Page

Special Guest - Krystal Mathis - Executive Director - Primarily Primates

Multiple Jif peanut butter products are being recalled due to an outbreak of salmonella linked to a Lexington, Ky., manufacturing facility.

J.M. Smucker Co., the parent company for the popular peanut butter brand, issued a voluntary recall. The Food and Drug Administration along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and local partners are investigating the outbreak that so far spans 12 states.

Currently, 14 people have reported illnesses and two of those cases have resulted in hospitalizations, according to data provided by the CDC.

"Five out of five people reported consuming peanut butter and four of the five people specifically reported consuming different varieties of Jif brand peanut butter prior to becoming ill," the FDA said.

Salmonella itself is a bacteria, but the illness it causes is known as salmonellosis.

For many infected people, symptoms appear 12 to 72 hours after contact and often include diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps, according to the FDA. Most people who are infected recover within four to seven days and do not need any treatment.

More serious and severe cases can occur, though, so the FDA recommends contacting your health care provider if you believe you have been infected.

The J. M. Smucker Co. said the peanut butter it is recalling was distributed in retail stores and other outlets throughout the country. It includes creamy, crunchy and natural varieties, along with many others.

This information is usually printed on the back label of the jar. A list of recalled products and their numbers can be seen on the FDA's website. To see if your jar of Jif peanut butter is being recalled, check the lot number that is printed below the "Best if Used by" date on the label. Products with lot codes 1274425 – 2140425, with the digits 425 in the 5th-7th position, are being recalled.

If you happen to have a jar included in the recall, you should throw it away immediately. Do not use it for you or your pets!

The FDA noted that the peanut butter has a two-year shelf life so consumers should check any Jif peanut butter already in their home.

After throwing the peanut butter out, the CDC recommends washing and sanitizing any surfaces or containers that might have come into contact with the peanut butter.

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American Dairy Association North East (ADANE), representing 9,000 northeast dairy farmers, is pleased to announce John Chrisman is the new Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the organization. As CEO, Chrisman will lead the organization to fulfill its mission to promote dairy and serve as the Association's key liaison with industry and government leaders.

Prior to being named CEO, Chrisman held senior leadership positions in Retail Marketing, Producer Relations, School Marketing, Processor Relations, and Hunger Relief. His passion for the dairy industry extends beyond the job. He believes the relationships he developed within agriculture and associated industries over the past 21 years shaped him into the person he is today.

"Over the years, I have performed a wide range of functions, which allowed me to work one-on-one with dairy farmers as well as consumers. I believe my experience and insight will be key to elevating our programs in retail, schools, broadcast media, and digital marketing to meet demand of consumers," says Chrisman.

"With more than two decades of experience leading multiple departments in dairy promotion, John is perfectly suited for this new challenge," says ADANE Board President Audrey Donahoe. "We are thrilled to have someone with such knowledge and commitment to dairy farmers lead the organization into the future."

On representing the 9,000 dairy farms in ADANE's region, Chrisman says he is humbled. "There are no better or harder working people than the dairy farmers who I will represent. I am both honored and privileged to have been chosen and trusted to lead the organization on their behalf."

Chrisman joined dairy promotion in 2001 with American Dairy Association Mideast in Ohio and continued his career with Mid-Atlantic Dairy Association and the Pennsylvania Dairy Promotion Program based in Philadelphia. These two groups merged with American Dairy Association & Dairy Council in Syracuse, New York, in 2016 to become American Dairy Association North East.

Chrisman holds a bachelor's degree in business administration from Robert Morris University, Pittsburgh, Pa. He will start in his new position as Chief Executive Officer of ADANE on June 2, 2022. Chrisman succeeds Rick Naczi who is retiring after 32 years of leading the regional dairy checkoff promotion group.

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A Wisconsin couple say they killed a bear that attacked them inside their home after they spotted it eating from their bird feeder.

The Taylor County Sheriff's Office said the attack happened around 11 p.m. Friday at a home near Medford in north-central Wisconsin. The couple told authorities that a black bear charged through a window after they yelled at it to go away, the office said.

Both the husband and wife were injured before they were able to stab the bear with a kitchen knife. Eventually, the man was able to grab a firearm and kill the animal.The man and woman were treated at a hospital for several bites and other injuries before being released.

The couple's children were asleep in their bedrooms at the time and were not injured.

The sheriff's office said the bear was an adult female, and one cub was seen running off as the bear ran toward the home.  The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) took the bear for testing.

Last month, state wildlife officials asked the public to report any black bear den locations they find across Wisconsin to support a new research study.

Wisconsin's black bear population is "considerably higher" than it was three decades years ago, according to the agency. The state's bear population was estimated to be about 9,000 bears in 1989, while the most recent data indicates the bear population is currently estimated to be more than 24,000 bears.

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The American Kennel Club (AKC®), the world’s largest purebred dog registry and advocate for all dogs, continues its commitment to students pursuing veterinary studies with the announcement of the 2022-2023 AKC Veterinary Outreach Scholarship recipients.

These scholarships aim to support those with backgrounds in AKC events and programs seeking to promote animal health and medicine. A total of $70,000 in scholarship money was awarded, twice the amount awarded last year, with awards ranging from $2,000-$10,000.

Recipients of the AKC Veterinary Outreach Scholarship were awarded in five amounts, as follows:

$10,000: Tressa Reiner (Iowa State University)

$7,500: Danielle Heider (University of Wisconsin) and Samuel Johnson (VA-MD Regional College)

$5,000: Hailey Adler (UC Davis), Diana Chan (Tufts University), Claudia Swagner (Iowa State University), and Jordan Tarbutton (Colorado State University),

$3,000: Brooke-Taylor Dominello (Mississippi State University), Allison Frappier (University of Missouri), Megan MacIntyre (Ohio State University), Natalie Santos (University of Florida), Ashley Wright (Washington State University),

$2,000: Megan Allen (Michigan State University), Nicole Halfpop (University of Arizona), Colleen Kutzler (University of Minnesota), Brittany Papa (Cornell University), Anna Tarpey (University of Missouri), and Samatha Scott (Tufts University).

Mari-Beth O’Neill, VP of Sport Services, applauds this year’s winners. “It’s not easy balancing academia with AKC events and more, but each of these students has risen above and beyond the challenge. We are confident and excited about their ability to make a difference in the world of veterinary medicine.”

To learn more about AKC’s commitment to education, please visit www.akc.org.

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"The ElleVet Project" – the national nonprofit of the science-focused pet CBD+CBDA company ElleVet Sciences – is proud to announce the return of its veterinary relief tour providing much-needed FREE veterinary care, food and supplies to the pets of the homeless and street pets in vulnerable communities throughout the United States beginning June 2, 2022 and continuing throughout the year.  With an expanded list of states and cities from prior years, "The ElleVet Project" plans to reach thousands of animals this year.

Returning to California for its third summer, "The ElleVet Project" will travel throughout the Golden State and then on to Seattle, Chicago, Boston, New York City, multiple cities in Montana and return to Orlando for a second year in its branded 32 foot RV dubbed the "ElleVan."  The complete schedule of dates and locations is available on the nonprofit's website.

Collaborating with city officials and municipalities, the project hosts a rotating team of compassionate and professional veterinarians to provide 100% free veterinary care to the most vulnerable animals.  By partnering with community-focused sponsors that donate medical supplies, food, and local professional assistance, "The ElleVet Project" is able to offer services that range from vaccines, flea and tick preventatives, deworming, general checkups, along with emergency surgeries.  Traveling to homeless communities allows the mobile veterinary relief tour the unique ability to locate and treat pets that may never have had veterinary care.

"The ElleVet Project" was formally established in April 2021 as the 501(c)(3) charitable arm of ElleVet Sciences. Company co-founder and COO Amanda Howland and co-founder and CEO Christian Kjaer originally developed the project in 2020 as a pilot program in response to COVID-19, knowing the homeless had even fewer resources than usual, and their pets were in a very vulnerable position.

Howland says, "Our efforts these past few years have taught us first-hand how helping a pet can change their owner's life for the better both emotionally and physically."

Since the "The ElleVet Project" was launched it has attracted supporters ranging from numerous veterinarians across the country to many celebrity supporters including animal lovers Demi Moore, Jane Lynch, Sarah Paulson, Rumer Willis, Judy Greer, Amanda Schull, Mark Steines, Rich Eisen, Georgia May Jagger, Manolo Gonzalez Vergara; along with dog influencers such as Norbert the Dog, Glee the Golden Retriever and Louie the Golden Retriever.

Donations towards vaccines, medical supplies, food, and emergency surgeries can also be accepted on the website.  Every donation goes towards funding the charity's mission of reaching as many vulnerable and voiceless animals as possible.  For more information on the Project, go to https://ellevetproject.org or on social media @Ellevetproject on Facebook, Instagram and YouTube.

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An Indiana man is accused of horrific abuse of a cow. The man identified as the abuser is 52-year-old Paul R. Marshall, of Crown Point, Indiana. Court records indicate that a video of Marshall’s abuse shows that he was observed “dragging a black cow behind an ATV down a driveway,” at times getting off the vehicle “punching and kicking the cow he was dragging.”

Marshall continued to try and drag the cow, who kept falling – but the abuse did not end there, the affidavit states:

“Marshall got off the ATV, went up to the cow, kicked it several times in its head and torso and beat it with his fists.”

Marshall has previously been charged with domestic battery – in 2006, he allegedly battered his wife. Court records reveal that the abuse caused, “redness on the left side of her face and bruising, which resembled hand prints, on both of the victim’s forearms.” He is accused of beating her again in 2007. Court records show that he hit the same woman on the right side of her face and neck while she was picking up her children.

Enough is enough! This cruel man must be put behind bars for a long time! Please add your signature to the petition at animalvictory.org, which will be presented to the prosecutor.

Paul Marshall has shown a pattern of abusive behavior. The abuse towards the cow was caught on video – how many others may have suffered a similar fate, but nobody saw it? The innocent must be protected from this cruel man and your signatures are needed to help make that happen!

Marshall is charged with knowingly or intentionally abusing a vertebrate animal, a Class A Misdemeanor, and recklessly, knowingly or intentionally neglecting a vertebrate animal that is in a person’s custody, also a Class A misdemeanor.

The abuse must stop and this man needs to go to jail and be prevented from owning any animals in the future. Please join us in making this possible!

According to the Humane Society of the United States,

“The animals whose abuse is most often reported are dogs, cats, horses and livestock. Undercover investigations have revealed that animal abuse abounds in the factory farm industry. But because of the weak protections afforded to livestock under state cruelty laws, only the most shocking cases are reported, and few are ever prosecuted.”

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A shelter dog who turned into a heroic police K9, unexpectedly had to be euthanized last week. The Rhode Island State Police announced the death of K9 Ruby via social media, writing:

We’re saddened to announce the passing of K-9 Ruby following a sudden, acute, and untreatable illness.

According to a press release, the 11 1/2-year-old dog, who was adopted from the Rhode Island SPCA, was euthanized on Friday. Colonel Darnell S. Weaver, Superintendent of the Rhode Island State Police and Director of the Department of Public Safety, said:

“Today the Rhode Island State Police family is mourning the death of K-9 Ruby. Her partnership with Corporal O’Neil was a special one and their search and rescue work in our K-9 Unit was a great service to the Rhode Islanders who have needed their help. Her award-winning rescue inspired us and we are grateful for her years of service.”

Ruby was one of the first shelter dogs trained to serve with the Rhode Island State Police; she served for 11 years. Weaver added,

“K-9 Ruby dedicated her life to serve the citizens of Rhode Island and make a positive impact on every person she ever interacted with. She became a symbol of hope for all shelter dogs, showing the world what a shelter dog can do when just given love and the chance to shine.”

In late 2017 Ruby successfully located a lost and distressed teenager who was the son of a shelter volunteer who had cared for her as a puppy. As a result of this rescue, Ruby was named American Humane Hero Dog Search and Rescue Dog of the Year in 2018. Her story was made into the 2022 Netflix movie, “Rescued by Ruby.”

Ruby lived with Corporal O’Neil and his family. She will be honored privately.

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An animal welfare agency in Illinois has hailed one of their homeless dogs a hero. On May 16, Gateway Pet Guardians recounted the amazing way that Jack, a mixed breed dog, helped save his foster mom’s unborn baby. The agency explained:

It’s amazing how far dogs will go to take care of their human companions ❤ Adoptable Jack’s foster mom, Aisha recently shared that he saved the life of her unborn baby. At eight months pregnant and just after the baby turned into cephalic presentation (head-down position), Jack repeatedly started nudging his nose up under Aisha’s belly.

The intuitive dog whined while nudging Aisha’s belly, and then headed towards the car. Fearing that something was amiss, Aisha went to the hospital and there she learned that her baby’s heartbeat was low. The organization said:

Because Jack sensed and alerted her there was a problem, Aisha was able to seek medical care in time to receive treatment and continue carrying her pregnancy to term.

Jack is still waiting to be adopted. According to the rescue group, Aisha is a dedicated foster, but she is not in the position to keep Jack forever. They have indicated that there are multiple people interested in giving Jack a home:

Courtney Michelle Aisha is such a dedicated foster mama and she will have her hands full as a first-time mom. Jack has had a few meet + greets so we are confident he will land a forever home soon!

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Federal customs officers were sifting through luggage at Detroit Metropolitan Airport last fall when they stumbled upon seed pods with little holes in them in one passenger’s bag. Inside, they found the larvae and pupae of an unidentified insect.

Now, staff at the U.S. Customs and Border Protection have determined that the larvae and pupae belonged to a moth species that hasn’t been seen for more than 100 years. The rare moth saga began in September 2021, when customs agents in Detroit inspected the luggage of a passenger arriving from the Philippines. They found seed pods that the passenger said were for medicinal tea. When the agents looked more closely, they found exit holes that an insect inside the pods had apparently made.

The agents extracted larvae and pupae from the pods, then sent them off for testing and quarantine. Eventually, the larvae and papae matured into flashy moths with raised patches of black bristles, according to a statement from the agency. Though U.S. Customs agricultural specialists suspected the moths were a member of the Pyralida family, they couldn’t determine the genus or the species, so they sent the bugs off to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for more analysis.

Entomologist M. Alma Solis, who specializes in moths for the USDA and Smithsonian Institution, examined an adult moth, as well as caterpillars and pupae. She determined the moths were a species scientists last spotted in 1912 in Sri Lanka.

The moth pupae and larvae were likely brought into the country accidentally. As Alex Traub writes for the New York Times, experts say the species was "too obscure to possess the medicinal or aesthetic value that motivates smugglers.”

Each year, customs agents stop tens of thousands of potentially dangerous pests from entering the country via checked bags, carry-on luggage or vehicles. The moth discovery “is a testament to their important mission of identifying foreign pests and protecting America’s natural resources,” Robert Larkin, a federal port director, says in the statement.

Exactly how much damage the moths could’ve done, had they made it out of the airport, is unclear, but non-native bugs have the potential to inflict serious harm on crops and ecosystems.

Emerald ash borers have been killing North American ash trees for the last two decades, as Smithsonian’s Theresa Machemer reported in 2020, and along with other invasive insect species have the potential to kill more than 1.4 million urban trees by 2050 according to some estimates. Spongy moth caterpillars are eating their way through 700,000 acres of deciduous forests in the eastern United States per year, and spotted lanternflies are wreaking havoc on fruit trees and grapevines along the East Coast.

“Would this moth have become the next multibillion-dollar pest?” Jason Dombroskie, a lepidopterist at Cornell University, tells the New York Times. “Probably not—but it’s possible.”

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Good Air Team LLC is reporting an increasing number of K9 service dogs displaying symptoms of opioid overdose while assisting police officers in drug raids.1 Because they do their job primarily by sniffing, police dogs are facing severe health risks from new drugs like fentanyl.2

For the human police officers, wearing respirators, dust masks, latex gloves, and long-sleeve shirts are all protective measures they can take while handling fentanyl. However, these options are not as easily available or accessible for police dogs.

To combat this issue, Good Air Team has announced in a company release1 its development of a K9 Mask dog air filter, which offers a new way to protect working dogs from opioid inhalation. The K9 Mask has an N95 air filter option which significantly minimizes the danger of a dog inhaling opioids.

Fentanyl is 30 to 50 times more potent than heroin. Just a few inhaled grains of fentanyl can cause a dog to overdose.1 A police handler may not see a fentanyl threat to a K9 dog until it is too late.

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) documented, “Sporadic reports indicate police dogs and some pet dogs have been victims of overdoses or suspected overdoses. Those include three police dogs that showed clinical signs but survived after fentanyl exposure in a Florida home.”3

Other solutions to prevent overdoses include equipping all police canine teams with Narcan, the overdose-reversal drug. Police in Colorado have begun to keep Narcan on them while K9 dogs are on duty or in training working with these dangerous drugs. Maryland state police are carrying Narcan for their dogs and are trained to look for "excessive drooling and severe limping" as overdose symptoms. Police in Canada are training dogs on liquid, rather than powder fentanyl to minimize the risk of exposure during training.1

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Toxoplasmosis is one of the most widespread zoonoses worldwide. It is an infectious disease that can be transmitted from cats to humans. People can also become infected by consuming raw or undercooked meat. Infection is particularly dangerous for pregnant women, as it can cause fetal deformities.

The cause of the disease is the single-celled parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Inside the host cell, it forms a little bubble-like compartment called a parasitophorous vacuole, which facilitates nutrient exchange and synchronized cell division. The resulting daughter cells are connected with each other inside the vacuole via a network, somewhat akin to an umbilical cord. Up to 64 daughter cells can form in the compartment. As soon as the offspring are mature, a regulation mechanism prompts the dissolution of the vacuole and the structures that have formed inside it. This is the moment at which the daughter cells become mobile and invade new host cells.

Before now, it was not known which genes encode the proteins that control the exit from the host cell. To identify them, a team led by Prof. Markus Meißner, Chair of Experimental Parasitology at LMU, collaborated with colleagues from the University of Glasgow in Scotland to develop a novel genetic screening technique, which is based on the Cas9 "genetic scissors," and investigate a library of 320 parasite-specific genes. They discovered two genes without which cell egress is impossible.

The targeted destruction of these genes led to a blockade of the egress and thus to the death of the next generation of parasites within the host cell. "This paves the way potentially for the development of active substances that could block the function of the corresponding proteins and so put a halt to propagation," observes Markus Meißner.

Toxoplasma gondii is closely related to the malaria pathogen Plasmodium falciparum. Therefore, the parasite serves as a model organism for the pathogen of the tropical disease, which kills hundreds of thousands of people worldwide every year. "We assume that similar processes control the propagation of the malaria pathogen," explains LMU parasitologist Dr. Elena Jimenez-Ruiz. "Next, we will investigate what functions these proteins have in the malaria pathogen and whether there are possible starting points for the development of new drugs."

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Most abdominal lipomas originate from fat plaques of the small intestinal mesentery, a fibrofatty membrane that envelopes the intestines and anchors them to the abdominal wall. Because they are benign, lipomas can lie dormant indefinitely within the abdominal cavity until their specific location or size causes a problem.

These tumors often feature a narrow stalk, or pedicle, that extends from the mesentery to the growing tumor and gives rise to their common name, pedunculated lipomas. For many years, veterinarians believed that a lipoma bobs on its pedicle until it eventually loops around the small intestine, creating a knot that strangulates the organ and ultimately inhibits the flow of ingesta. Despite this explanation, surgeons have found it difficult to confidently replicate this mechanism during surgical correction.

A team of researchers recently hypothesized an alternative theory, one that is more consistent with surgical findings. Simply put, this theory starts with a pedicle under tension by the weight of the lipoma, with the tension producing a slit-like opening or gap between the pedicle stalk and the mesentery or small intestine. Under the influence of peristalsis, the wavelike movements that move ingesta along the gastrointestinal tract, loops of intestine turn into that opening. These loops eventually become filled with ingesta. The increased weight of the loops that pass through the opening causes the pedicle to turn back on itself, forming a bind and constricting the small intestine.

Understanding how the small intestine becomes trapped by a lipoma can help veterinarians pursue better ways to surgically correct them. Lipomas seem to be problematic in older horses, with those in their mid to late teens most often affected. Researchers have postulated that increased body weight may be a risk factor for pedunculated lipomas in horses, yet no specific statistics have been recorded.+

“Certainly, horses of all sizes and shapes can be diagnosed with pedunculated lipoma. While no exact link has been established between obesity and tumor formation, speculation surrounds this idea,” said Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D., a nutritionist for Kentucky Equine Research. “The advantages of maintaining a horse in moderate body condition—a 5 on the body condition score chart—are numerous, including benefits to respiratory and musculoskeletal health as well as long-term metabolic well-being,” said Crandell. “Plus, from a practical perspective, feeding horses more than necessary can increase horse-keeping costs considerably.”

Crandell recognizes the difficulty in maintaining moderate body condition in the face of free-choice forage consumption. “Managing easy keepers can be difficult because, as horse owners, we want to see horses grazing contentedly. As stewards of their health, though, we must often use grazing muzzles, drylots, and other management strategies to keep life-threatening problems from cropping up.”

Widespread use of ration balancers and high-quality vitamin and mineral supplements has made it possible for horses on all-forage diets to receive the nutrients necessary for optimal health, according to Crandell.

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Body-wide inflammation contributes to the development of acute and chronic diseases in horses such as laminitis or metabolic syndrome. High-starch meals appear to induce inflammatory responses in certain young, old, and overweight horses but at differing time points and severities.

Researchers at Sam Houston University recently explored the pro-inflammatory responses of middle-aged versus old horses and lean versus overweight horses following meals rich in nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC).* All horses were fed steam-rolled barley at a rate to provide 1.2 grams of NSC per kilogram of body weight daily in addition to grass hay, ration balancer, salt, and water.

Inflammation was evaluated at various time points in the study by measuring blood levels of the inflammatory mediator interleukin (IL)-1β.

When considering the effect of body condition in middle-aged horses, overconditioning—a body condition score between 6.5 and 8 on a 9-point scale—was associated with an immediate postprandial increase in IL-1β on day 1. In contrast, leaner horses with a body condition score of 4 or 5 did not have this increase in IL-1β until 14 days after being fed the high-starch diet. Further, older horses between 20 and 23 years of age also had increased IL-1β levels directly after consuming the high-starch diet.

“This study builds on previous work that assessed pro-inflammatory response to diet. Older and overweight horses have a more immediate and elevated inflammatory response, which could be linked to underlying conditions such as the inflammaging process,” explained Catherine Whitehouse, M.S., a nutritionist for Kentucky Equine Research.

Given the results of this study, the feeding management of older and overconditioned individuals should emphasize lower nonstructural carbohydrate intakes, according to the researchers.

Care should be taken in how calories are provided to horses on low-starch diets. “High-fat diets could also result in similar immune responses depending on the fatty acid composition of the diet. Kentucky Equine Research continues to conduct research on how long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, such as those found in EO-3, can reduce the production of pro-inflammatory eicosanoids and cytokines, which are inflammatory mediators,” Whitehouse said.

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Veterinary enrollment is climbing in the U.S.

This is according to the American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges’ (AAVMC’s) Annual Data Report (ADR) for 2021-2022, which offers a comprehensive statistical portrait of the world of academic veterinary medicine.

Total enrollment in U.S. colleges of veterinary medicine rose 4.7 percent over last year, the ADR reveals. The data also shows an improvement in diversity. Among those enrolled, the number of students from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups is higher than ever before at 23.2 percent.

The percentage of men enrolled, however, continues to decline, dropping a full percentage point from the previous year to 17.3 percent.

Other highlights from this year’s ADR include:

  • 3,460 Americans are studying veterinary medicine outside of the U.S. this academic year.
  • Resident and non-resident tuition saw modest increases this year (0.6 percent and 1.4 percent increases, respectively).
  • Debt levels for indebted graduates stayed level in 2021.
  • On average, tuition comprised 16.4 percent of college revenue, while instruction, academic, and student support made up nearly a quarter of college expenditures.

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