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Talkin' Pets News April 10, 2021 Host - Jon Patch Co-Host - Dr. Katy Meyer - Urgent Vet, Westchase, Florida Producer - Kayla Cavanaugh Network Producer - Darian Sims Social Media - Bob Page Special Guest - Black River Entertainment recording artists Pryor Baird and Kaleb Lee are the epitomai of how sometimes, two is better than one. Both men will join Jon & Talkin' Pets 4/10/21 at 630pm ET to discuss their new songs
Get ready for another above-average hurricane season in 2021. The first major forecast of the season calls for 17 named storms, eight hurricanes and four major hurricanes, according to Colorado State University research scientist Phil Klotzbach, one of the world’s top hurricane forecasters. He announced Colorado State’s annual forecast on Thursday. But it is less intense than what the Atlantic experienced during the historic 2020 storm season. Last year the Atlantic saw a record 30 named storms form, 13 became hurricanes and six grew into major hurricanes. The season was well above the 30-year average of 12 named storms and six hurricanes. A major hurricane is any storm that generates wind speeds exceeding 111 mph, which is a Category 3 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. Klotzbach said the same factors in play last year will influence the 2021 storm season: warmer subtropical Atlantic waters and a weak El Niño will make conditions favorable for storm development. El Niño is a Pacific weather phenomenon that creates strong wind shear over the tropical Atlantic which can disrupt storm formation, so its absence improves the chances of storm formation. ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ If you ever feel a suspicious rumble underfoot, it’s probably not a skyscraper-sized mutant reptile with atomic breath. Godzilla, Ghidorah, Rodan, and the other Titans may have been able to take out entire cities because of their size in Godzilla: King of the Monsters, but there is now scientific proof why nothing on Earth is ever going to get that absurdly huge. A Stanford research team that monitored a blue whale’s heartbeat most likely found out why something any bigger could never stomp Tokyo or invade the seas. You couldn’t expect Godzilla to survive when the largest existing creature on the planet gets its heart pushed to the absolute limit. The objective was to “investigate physiological processes at the extremes of body mass,” Stanford assistant professor of biology and study lead Jeremy Goldbogen and colleagues said in the study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, adding, “From the smallest shrews to the largest whales, physiological performance at the extremes may shed light on constraints to body size.” What Goldbogen’s team found were some unreal physical extremes. When the whale went under to seek out a meal, its heart rate also took a nosedive, hitting a low of two beats per minute. Less need for oxygen means less stress on the rest of its body at those depths. Heart rate would increase to about 5 beats per minute when it lunged toward its prey and gulped down fish or krill. The highest heart rate, 25 to 37 beats per minute, was measured when the whale broke the surface to breathe. Such unexpected highs and lows told the scientists that the giant’s heart was pushing its limits. Gargantuan life forms have gargantuan energy needs. This is why, as the team concluded, blue whales must never have evolved beyond a maximum length of 82 feet and weight of 330,000 pounds, never mind Godzilla proportions. The outsize lizard’s latest iteration would be about 394 feet tall and weigh a staggering 164,000 tons. Even Argentinosaurus, the most immense dinosaur (and land animal) ever, couldn’t come close at 70 feet tall and 100 tons. Imagine what its heart could have told us. Just for comparison, the average T. rex was only 20 feet tall. So much for the hype. “It seems that near-maximal heart rates are required for gas exchange and reperfusion during their short surface intervals … blue whales likely face several physiological constraints during both the dive interval and the surface interval that may have limited the evolution of maximum body size,” Goldbogen said. If even such a behemoth as Argentinosaurus had its limits, there is just no way anything could reach the size of Godzilla and actually survive. Your city is safe—for now. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ You don’t have to know a whole lot about science to know that black holes typically suck things in, not spew things out. But NASA just spotted something mighty strange at the supermassive black hole Markarian 335. Two of NASA’s space telescopes, including the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), miraculously observed a black hole’s corona “launched” away from the supermassive black hole. Then a massive pulse of X-ray energy spewed out. So, what exactly happened? That’s what scientists are trying to figure out now. “This is the first time we have been able to link the launching of the corona to a flare,” Dan Wilkins, of Saint Mary’s University, said. “This will help us understand how supermassive black holes power some of the brightest objects in the universe.” NuSTAR’s principal investigator, Fiona Harrison, noted that the nature of the energetic source is “mysterious,” but added that the ability to actually record the event should provide some clues about the black hole's size and structure, along with (hopefully) some fresh intel on how black holes function. Luckily for us, this black hole is still 324 million light-years away. So, no matter what strange things it’s doing, it shouldn’t have any effect on our corner of the universe. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Tyrannosaurus rex probably holds the record for most dinosaur appearances in sci-fi film history, usually as a terrifying beast that causes carnage wherever it goes. The one weak point in the otherwise awesome bad-ass-ness of the T. rex has always been its little, wimpy-seeming arms, though. Mostly the arms are ignored when the T. rex shows up. If they're shown at all, it's usually to feebly pull at a weapon that's become lodged in the T. rex's chest, or maybe to steady some victim T. rex is chomping on. But are the arms SO wimpy that a human could beat a T. rex at arm wrestling. After talking to Jack Conrad, a vertebrate paleontologist at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, to find out. The answer is: "There's no chance that any human alive could win," according to Conrad. "The bicep alone—and this is a conservative estimate—could curl 430 pounds." Humans can at best curl about 260 pounds, in case you were wondering. Also, the only reason those T. rex arms look small is because they're dangling off a monstrously huge dinosaur body ... they're actually 3 feet long and "had the strength to rip a human's arm right out of its socket." In the unlikely event you ever find yourself in an arm-wrestling contest with the mighty T. rex, though, don't give up all hope. "The T. rex probably couldn't have done the arm-wrestling move," Conrad said. "So maybe you could get him on a technicality." +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ The Maryland General Assembly passed a bill that prohibits gruesome wildlife killing contests, in which participants compete to kill the most, the heaviest and the smallest animals for cash and prizes. In February 2020, the Humane Society of the United States released an undercover investigation that exposed wildlife killing contests in Maryland, revealing participants and their young children hauling in bloody piles of dead foxes, raccoons and coyotes to be weighed and counted for prizes. Last month Maryland’s Senate and House of Delegates passed SB 200, sponsored by Senator Ron Young, and HB 293, sponsored by Delegate Dana Stein, by landslide votes. The measure passed in a final vote today and now heads to the desk of Governor Larry Hogan, who is expected to sign it or allow it to pass into law. Once enacted, the law would take effect on July 1, 2021. Kitty Block, president and CEO of the Humane Society of the United States, said, “It is clear that Maryland cares about animals. The move to ban wildlife killing contests and protect its victims from such a lurid and utterly pointless ‘game’ of slaughter is the right one. We commend lawmakers for stopping this spectacle.” Jennifer Bevan-Dangel, Maryland state director for the Humane Society of the United States, said, “Delegate Dana Stein, Senator Ron Young and Senator Bryan Simonaire fought for this bill’s passage and put Maryland on track to become the eighth state to end this gruesome and unsporting activity. Marylanders value and treasure wildlife and don’t want to see animals lured by electronic calling devices and gunned down with assault rifles for prizes. Our state is better than that.” Governor Hogan’s signature would make Maryland the eighth U.S. state to outlaw these events, following California in 2014, Vermont in 2018, New Mexico, Arizona and Massachusetts in 2019, and Colorado and Washington state in 2020. Bill author Delegate Dana Stein said, “Wildlife killing contests—staged for cash prizes or other monetary rewards—have no place in our state. They involve the wanton killing of animals and are inconsistent with the state’s hunting traditions and policies. I hope Maryland will join the seven other states that have already banned this cruel practice. I am pleased that HB 293, which will ban these contests, has passed both chambers with bipartisan support.” The Humane Society of the United States’ coalition partners, including Maryland Votes for Animals, Sierra Club Maryland Chapter, Animal Welfare Institute, In Defense of Animals and Project Coyote helped support the effort. The HSUS and coalition partners are also working to ban wildlife killing contests in other states in 2021 including New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania and Virginia. The wildlife killing contest ban in Maryland is one of several recent animal protection measures approved by state legislators. Others include banning the cruel shark fin trade, halting competitions for killing cownose rays in the Chesapeake Bay, prohibiting the pet store sale of puppies bred in puppy mills, and ending cosmetics testing on animals. ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ A new study indicates that the majority of American eagles likely have rat poison in their systems. The study was published Wednesday in the Journal Plos One. Researchers tested 133 eagles and found rat poison in 82 percent of them. Of the 116 bald eagles tested, 96 were exposed to poison and of the 17 golden eagles examined, 13 were exposed. The author of the study said the eagles were probably exposed to the poison through their predatory and scavenging activities. The researchers determined that four percent of the eagles they examined had died from rat poison. ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ They're slow, slimy and a menace to society. Such are the giant African snails discovered during a baggage examination at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City. U.S. Customs and Border Protection agriculture specialists caught 22 of the highly invasive, slimy critters after checking a U.S. man, who arrived on a flight from Ghana. Additionally, specialists found prohibited ox tail, dried beef, turkey berry, carrot, medicinal leaves and prekese, a traditional African spice and medicinal plant product. "Customs and Border Protection agriculture specialists are our nation's frontline defenders against invasive plant and animal pests that threaten our agricultural resources, and they face this complex and challenging mission with extraordinary commitment and vigilance," said Marty Raybon, Acting Director of Field Operations for CBP's New York Field Office. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the giant African snail is one of the most damaging of its kind in the world. The critter consumes at least 500 types of plants and can cause extensive damage to tropical and sub-tropical environments. It also causes structural damage to plaster and stucco. To make matters worse, the snails pose a serious health risk to humans, because it carries a parasitic nematode that can cause meningitis. Giant African snails reproduce quickly, producing 1,200 eggs in a single year. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ A Seattle man who prosecutors say may be mentally ill was charged Tuesday with second-degree murder, accused of killing his brother with a four-foot-long sword. Buckey Wolfe, 26, was ordered held in lieu of $1 million bail during his first court appearance Monday, but prosecutors have since requested that Wolfe be held without bail given the extreme danger he poses to the community, jail and court records show. It was not clear Tuesday when a judge would rule on the state’s request. “The defendant’s actions — jamming the tang end of a four-foot long sharpened metal-bladed sword-like instrument completely through the victim’s head and killing him — demonstrate the danger he poses,” Senior Deputy Prosecutor Scott O’Toole wrote in charging papers. “Moreover, (the) defendant appears to be severely mentally ill.” Killed was James Wolfe, say charging papers, which do not include his age. As of Tuesday, the King County Medical Examiner’s Office had not publicly identified James Wolfe or issued a ruling on his cause and manner of death. Buckey Wolfe called 911 at 6:40 p.m. on Sunday and told a dispatcher he’d killed his brother because he thought his brother was a lizard, the charges say. He continued to ramble, saying “Kill me, kill me, I can’t live in this reality,” and “God told me he was a lizard,” according to charging papers. Wolfe was able to provide his home address, located in the 4100 block of Phinney Avenue North, where Seattle police found James Wolfe dead, the charges say. The charges say Buckey Wolfe lived in a mother-in-law apartment on the property while his brother and father lived in the main house. Buckey Wolfe was arrested in Fremont a short time after calling 911, less than a mile north of the family home, according to the charges. During an interview with police, Wolfe — who claimed to have been diagnosed with schizophrenia — told homicide detectives “that their eyes and mouths were changing and asked if they could see lizards in the room,” O’Toole wrote in charging papers. Police obtained video footage from a camera set up outside the mother-in-law apartment, which showed the brothers walking peacefully together and later, their father handing food to Buckey Wolfe, the charges say. There’s no further activity recorded on the camera until Buckey Wolfe is seen running out of the apartment, the charges say. “No other person is seen entering or exiting the apartment until Seattle Police officers arrived and found James Wolfe deceased inside the apartment,” according to the charges. O’Toole also cited social-media postings that show evidence of Wolfe’s mental instability. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
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