Future Challenges for Antarctic Penguins as They Adapt to Changing Temperatures Revealed in “State Of Antarctic Penguins 2018” Report on World Penguin Day, April 25, 2018
Oceanites, Inc., a Washington DC based non-profit organization which has championed science-based conservation and decision making for more than 20 years, announced the release of its annual State of Antarctic Penguins 2018 report (SOAP 2018) on World Penguin Day, April 25, 2018
This large increase in Antarctic temperatures could be a bellwether for the kind of change many fear will happen to those of us in more temperate regions in decades ahead.
WASHINGTON (PRWEB) April 18, 2018
Oceanites, Inc., a Washington DC based non-profit organization which has championed science-based conservation and decision making for more than 20 years, announced the release of its annual State of Antarctic Penguins 2018 report (SOAP 2018). The SOAP report (available at https://Oceanites.org/soap) comprehensively summarizes the population size and trends of Antarctica’s five penguin species — Adélie, chinstrap, emperor, gentoo, and macaroni. The report also spotlights future challenges for Antarctic penguins as they adapt to changing temperatures in the region.
The Antarctic penguins total at least 6.1 million breeding pairs nesting at 661 or more sites across the entire Antarctic continent. The report used the most current scientific data, including 3,617 records from 108 sources of on-the-ground colony counts and satellite photo analyses.
The SOAP reports assist a wide variety of Antarctic interests: governments, scientists, NGOs, and the private sector, including fishing and tourism operators, as well as concerned citizens throughout the world.
Oceanites continues to closely track the notable changes in the Antarctic Peninsula, which has undergone a well-documented period of warming over the last six decades of +2˚ C. / 5˚ F. and in winter of +5˚ C. / 9˚ F. This increase is huge, and could be a bellwether for the kind of change many fear will happen to those of us in more temperate regions in decades ahead. In the Antarctic Peninsula, Oceanites’ Antarctic Site Inventory has noted Adélie and chinstrap penguin declines and gentoo penguin increases. However, there are indications that the warming trend has leveled off in recent years with a concomitant stabilization of some Adélie populations.
Ron Naveen, founder and president of Oceanites, noted: “It is through these changes in the Peninsula that we hopefully will better understand how future generations of mankind may or may not adapt to a similar amount of warming in our own backyard. When we see declines in two species while a third thrives, we must ask why such disparate responses? What drives such changes? Is it food supply, nesting and breeding conditions, or diseases? These are the questions we’ll ask when the warming we see today in the Antarctic comes our way.”
Oceanites is taking the lead in penguin-focused messaging about climate change, so that all of us, working together, may do a better job steering our planet’s future. For additional information about Oceanites please visit https://www.Oceanites.org.
Oceanites Discloses Data That Implicates Climate Change
NEW YORK April 25, 2017 [12:01 am EDT] - The inaugural "State Of Antarctic Penguins 2017" (SOAP) report is releasing today for World Penguin Day, and the findings indicate at least two species of Antarctic penguin, Adélie and chinstrap, have declined significantly where vast warming has occurred on the Antarctic Peninsula. Oceanites, a leading international science-based NGO studying penguins and other Antarctic seabirds and analyzing impacts on these species, reveals these findings and identifies other important trends about the keystone Antarctic penguin speciesAdélie, chinstrap, emperor, and gentoonoting future concerns about these populations. The groundbreaking report summarizes for the first time in more than two decades the best available, up-to-date Antarctic penguin population data--aggregating data from 660 or more sites across the entire Antarctic continent and drawing on current scientific data, including 3,176 records from 101 sources of on-the-ground colony counts and satellite photo analyses.Downloadable SOAP 2017 report and press assets:
A full copy of the "State Of Antarctic Penguins 2017" report is available online for free at the Oceanites website: <<https://oceanites.org/soap/>>. A PDF copy of the report, along with photographs, maps, graphics, and videos available for use in connection with todays announcement, are available for download here.The results of the first-of-its-kind report are both significant and alarming, according to Oceanites founder and president Ron Naveen, who will present the findings with key collaborative research partner Heather Lynch at a Press Conference in New York City on World Penguin Day, to be held at Cinema Village from 3:00-5:00 pm EDT. (See event details here.)In one generation, I have personally witnessed the precipitous decline of once abundant Adélie and chinstrap penguin populations, said Ron Naveen. These iconic birds are literally canaries in the coal mine. They provide critical insights into the dramatic changes taking place in the Antarctic. Whats happening to penguin populations can have important implications for all of us.We can now use advanced satellite technology and data analyses to better understand how these penguin populations are changing, said associate professor Heather Lynch, who directs The Lynch Lab for Quantitative Ecology at Stony Brook University, which provides critical scientific expertise for the report. By integrating expert biological field surveys, satellite imagery analyses, and citizen science, we can further enhance our ability to understand the changes taking place in an incredibly important world we are just learning about.With NASA, Dr. Lynch and her lab developed for Oceanites the Mapping Application for Penguin Populations and Projected Dynamics (MAPPPD), a unique open-ended scientific support tool intended to provide one-stop shopping for scientists studying penguin populations in the Antarctic.The SOAP report establishes new baselines to monitor these penguin populations in the future, utilizing Oceanites new MAPPPD tool, and incorporates advances in satellite imagery analytical techniques. The report presents findings both continent-wide and per key Antarctic fishing areas designated by Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR).Oceanites, through MAPPPD, now has available more on-the-ground censuses than ever before and, importantly, the rapidly developing satellite photo analytical techniques have greatly increased our knowledge and revealed even more colonies. The State Of Antarctic Penguins 2017 report carefully sets forth numbers about Antarctic penguin populations as they now stand, based mostly on what is in Oceanites MAPPPD database. The new satellite analyses are providing new baselines and MAPPPD will have peer-reviewed predictive models available for Oceanites to describe more particularly what the trends will be for the SOAP 2018 report and beyond.Key findings outlined in State of Antarctic Penguins 2017 report:
Over the past 60+ years in the vastly warmed Antarctic Peninsula, gentoo populations have increased significantly; Adélie penguin populations have, in general, declined significantly; and chinstrap penguin populations have declined -- at some locations significantly. By contrast, in East Antarctica and the Ross Sea, regions that have not experienced a warming trend, Adélie penguin populations appear to be increasing. The SOAP 2017 report notes various concerns, all related to climate, potentially affecting these penguin populations--most importantly, perhaps, ice sheet collapse both in West and East Antarctica.
Key implications combining SOAP 2017 report findings with other realities
Clearly, in the vastly warmed Antarctic Peninsula, there are winners (rising numbers of gentoos) and losers (decreasing numbers of Adélies and chinstraps), foreboding concerns on whether humans will be able to adapt to warming trends. Limiting warming to no more than 2°C. has become the de facto target for global climate policy; yet the Antarctic Peninsula already has warmed by more than that over the last 60 years by 3°C. / 5°F. year-round and by 5°C. / 9°F. in the austral winter. Ongoing studies are underway to ascertain whether penguins can maintain the four vitals necessary for adaptation and survival: food, habitat, health (disease-free environment), and reproduction (future generations). Two species are in decline in the Antarctic Peninsula and another is adapting. Food might be an explanation; all the penguins can eat both krill and fish, but gentoos, at this point in time, appear to have adapted better to reduced krill availability by eating more fish.Funding to assist in the design, production, and dissemination of State Of Antarctic Penguins 2017 report has graciously been provided by: The Curtis & Edith Munson Foundation, The Elissa and Herbert Epstein Foundation, and The Pew Charitable Trusts.For more information on penguins, Antarctica, climate change or the data and research of the Antarctic Site Inventory, please visit the Oceanites website (www.oceanites.org). To interact on social media, go to Facebook.com/oceanites, connect on Twitter @Oceanites, or follow the conversation using #StandWithPenguins.Ron Naveen and the team of Oceanites' biologists are the subject of a new documentary, The Penguin Counters, which follows the group on its vigorous scientific quest to monitor and map penguin colonies in the frozen Antarctic. Directed and produced by Peter Getzels and Harriet Gordon, the award-winning film is providing video clips for media use in conjunction with the SOAP 2017 report announcement to coincide with the theatrical release of the film in New York City by First Run Features for World Penguin Day, and there will be a special screening with filmmakers following the press conference. To learn more information about The Penguin Counters, visit www.penguincountersmovie.com.###About Oceanites
Oceanites has been the leading NGO research organization for over 23 years studying penguins and other Antarctic seabirds and analyzing the impacts of climate change. Oceanites and the Antarctic Site Inventory are the only non-governmental science project working in Antarctica and the only project monitoring and analyzing change across the vastly warming Antarctic Peninsula and effects on penguins, wildlife, land, ice, and surrounding Southern Ocean. Oceanites is an invited expert group invited to meetings of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, and regularly contributes papers to Antarctic Treaty Commission Meetings. Oceanites founder Ron Naveen is a reformed lawyer turned researcher and frequent author who has been to the Antarctic for 31 of the last 34 years, working with key international governmental, scientific and private sector organizations. Oceanites is the subject of the award-winning documentary, The Penguin Counters, released in New York City in April 2017 to coincide with the first State Of Antarctic Penguins 2017 report and World Penguin Day. For more information, visit www.oceanites.org.